With a carinated profile and a flanged rim, a small attachment hole for a crest in the top, pairs of rivets on each side to hold the cheek pieces
Comte de Bressac, France, sold in London after 1918
Christie's, London, 7 November 2001,
American private collection
Chalcidian type was introduced in the 6th century BC as a development to its
predecessors, the Corinthian and Illyrian models, with improvements in design
which gave the wearer better hearing and vision. The helmet’s lighter design
allowed for greater mobility as well.
examples of this type originate from the Greek colonies of South Italy. This
form with hinged cheek-guards and without a nose-guard, became popular in the
late 5th-early 4th century BC. The helmet would commonly have a hole pierced on
each cheek piece or elsewhere in order to adhere an inner lining which was made
of leather. This helmet has also has a small attachment hole for a crest at the
top, a feature we see depicted on contemporary ancient Greek vases and
sculpture. Tall and imposing, these crests served to add height to the hoplite
to intimidate his enemies.
For other Chalcidian examples without a nose-guard, see D. Cahn, Waffen und Zaumzeug Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig, 1989, Basel, pp. 39 - 42.