Kallos Gallery

A Canaanite bronze enthroned deity

18th-17th Century BC

 

12.1cm high

A Canaanite bronze enthroned deity

18th-17th Century BC

12.1cm high

 

This figure probably served a cultic role and such bronzes were often found in public sanctuaries. The deity is depicted enthroned with his feet resting on a stool. His arms are bent at the elbow and held up in front, the fists clenched possibly to hold implements signifying power. He is represented wearing a long robe with the details of the belt, deep v-shaped neckline and hem cast in relief. He is crowned with a tall cylindrical headdress surmounted with a ribbed spherical knop. The facial features are large and the eyes are recessed, probably they were originally inlaid.

 

Such Canaanite gods were worshipped wherever the Canaanites (Phoenicians) established trading colonies across the Mediterranean and incorporated elements from a variety of cultures. This figure is thought to represent El, the head of the Canaanite pantheon and the subject of widespread worship in the Levant during the second millennium B.C.

 

LITERATURE

O. Negbi, Canaanite Gods in Metal: An Archaeological Study of Ancient Syro-Palestinian Figurines, Tel Aviv University, 1976.

O. White Muscarella, Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artefacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988.

 

PROVENANCE

American private collection, acquired in November 1989.

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